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Partial Paradigm Hiding and Reusability in Hybrid Simulation Modeling Using the Frameworks Health-DS and I7-Anyenergy A. Djanatliev, P. Bazan, R. German, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. Winter Simulation Conference, 2014.

Many complex real-world problems which are difficult to understand can be solved by discrete or continuous simulation techniques, such as Discrete-Event-Simulation, Agent-Based-Simulation or System Dynamics. In recently published literature, various multilevel and large-scale hybrid simulation examples have been presented that combine different approaches in common environments.
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Modeling Country-Scale Electricity Demand Profiles M. Pruckner, D Eckhoff, R. German, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. Winter Simulation Conference, 2014.

All over the world, and in particular in Germany, a trend toward a more sustainable electric energy supply
including energy efficiency and climate protection can be observed. Simulation models can support these
energy transitions by providing beneficial insights for the development of different electricity generation mix
strategies in future electric energy systems.
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Simulation of On-Shore Wind Farm Construction Process in Lebanon E. Zankoul and H. Khoury, The 31st International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction and Mining (ISARC 2014)

The solution to the problem of electricity supply shortage in remote regions of Lebanon is described in detail using a discrete-event simulation model of a constructinon process developed in AnyLogic. The work illustrates the different construction stages from rough grading, access roads construction, foundation and electrical works, to wind tower assembly and erection. The whole process is then optimized to mainly minimize the project duration.
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A Hybrid Simulation Model for Large-Scaled Electricity Generation Systems Marco Pruckner, Reinhard German, Proceedings of the 2013 Winter Simulation Conference

Due to the transition towards a sustainable energy supply, many electricity generation systems are faced with great challenges worldwide. Highly volatile renewable energy sources play an important role in the future electricity generation mix and should help compensate the phase-out of nuclear power in countries such as Germany. Simulation-based energy system analysis can support the conversion into a sustainable future energy system and are intended to find risks and miscalculations. In this paper we present main components of the electricity generation system models. We use a hybrid simulation approach with system dynamics and discrete event modules. This modular design allows quick model adoptions for different scenarios. Simulation results show the development of the future annual electricity balance, CO2 emission balance, electricty imports and exports, and the wholesale price of electricity.
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Modeling Smart Grids as Complex Systems Through The Implementation of Intelligent Hubs Jose Gonzalez de Durana, Oscar Barambones (University College of Engineering, University of the Basque Country); Enrique Kremers, Pablo Viejo (European Institute for Energy Research - EIFER). 7th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO), Funchal, Madeira (Portugal), June 15-18 2010.

The electrical system is undergoing a profound change of state, which will lead to what is being called the smart grid. The necessity of a complex system approach to cope with ongoing changes is presented: combining a systemic approach based on complexity science with the classical views of electrical grids is important for an understanding the behavior of the future grid. Key issues like different layers and inter-layer devices, as well as subsystems are discussed and proposed as a base to create an agent-based system model to run simulations.
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Object oriented simulation of Hybrid Renewable Energy systems focused on Supervisor Control Jose Maria Gonzalez de Durana, Oscar Barambones (Universidad del Pais Vasco). IEEE Int. Conf. on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation Proceedings of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, Palma de Mallorca, 22/09/2009

With eyes focused on simulation the authors review some of the main topics of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems (HRES). Then they describe an Object Oriented model of a simple example of one of such systems, a micro-grid, oriented to designing a decentralized Supervisor Control. The model has been implemented using AnyLogic.
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Complete Agent Based Simulation of Mini-Grides J.M. Gonzalez de Durana, O. Barambones, Enrique Kremersy, and Pablo Viejo (Universidad del Paıs Vasco, European Institute for Energy Research - EIFER EDF and the University of Karlsruhe). Ninth IASTED European Conference on Power and Energy System, Palma de Mallorca, 07/09/2009

With eyes focused on simulation we review some of the main topics of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems (HRES). Then we describe an Agent Based model of a simple example of one of such systems, a micro-grid, oriented to designing a decentralized Supervisor Control. The model has been implemented using AnyLogic.
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A Complex Systems Modelling Approach for Decentralized Simulation of Electrical Microgrids Enrique Kremers and Pablo Viejo (European Institute for Energy Research - EIFER EDF and the University of Karlsruhe); Oscar Barambones and Jose Gonzalez de Durana (University College of Engineering University of the Basque Country). Engineering of Complex Computer Systems (ICECCS), 2010 15th IEEE International Conference on, 22-26 March 2010.

The structure and behavior of Electrical Grids share many of the properties of Complex Computer Systems, with microgrids and other decentralized electrical systems attached to them, so they can be interpreted as Systems of Systems. Furthermore, the evolution of the future electrical system will bring a higher degree of decentralization concerning specially production and control. To deal with this paradigm change, new models and tools are necessary. In this paper a model of an electrical microgrid is presented.
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Hybrid Simulation and Optimization-Based Capacity Planner for Integrated Photovoltaic Generation with Storage Units Esfandyar M. Mazhari. 2009 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC’09), December 13-16, Austin, TX, USA

Unlike fossil-fueled generation, solar energy resources are geographically distributed and highly intermittent, which makes their direct control difficult and requires storage units. The goal of this research is to develop a flexible capacity planning tool, which will allow us to obtain a most economical mixture of capacities from solar generation as well as storage while meeting reliability requirements against fluctuating demand and weather conditions. The tool is based on hybrid (system dynamics and agent-based models) simulation and meta-heuristic optimization.
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Hybrid simulation of renewable energy generation and storage grids Peter Bazan, Reinhard German, WSC-2012, Berlin

The share of renewable energy sources in energy production is growing steadily. Domestic homes can be equipped with solar panels, micro combined heat and power systems, batteries, and they can become adaptive consumers. They can also deliver energy to the grid and react to the energy supply. This paper presents a hybrid simulation approach for the analysis of a grid of domestic homes equipped with different technological options with respect to efficiency and costs. For energy storage and energy flows the system dynamics modeling paradigm is used whereas control decisions are modeled as statecharts. The highly intermittent solar irradiation and also the electric power and heat demands are implemented as stochastic models. The component-based design allows for quick creation of new case studies. As examples, different homes with batteries, micro combined heat and power systems, or energy carrier carbazole as energy storage are analyzed
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